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What is blood glucose and why is it important?


What is blood glucose and why is it important?

Blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, is the main source of energy for your body. It comes from the food you eat and is carried by your blood to all your cells. Your body needs a certain level of blood glucose to function properly. Too high or too low blood glucose can cause health problems.

How is blood glucose regulated?

Your blood glucose level is regulated by two hormones: insulin and glucagon. Insulin is made by your pancreas and helps your cells take in glucose from your blood. Glucagon is also made by your pancreas and helps your liver release stored glucose into your blood when needed. These hormones work together to keep your blood glucose level within a normal range.

What are the symptoms of high or low blood glucose?

High blood glucose, also known as hyperglycemia, can occur when your body does not produce enough insulin or use it effectively. This can happen if you have diabetes, eat too much sugar or carbohydrates, are stressed, sick, or inactive. Some symptoms of high blood glucose are:

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea

Low blood glucose, also known as hypoglycemia, can occur when your body does not have enough glucose to use as energy. This can happen if you have diabetes, take too much insulin or other medications, skip meals, exercise too much, or drink alcohol. Some symptoms of low blood glucose are:

  • Shakiness
  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Hunger
  • Confusion
  • Seizures

How can you monitor and control your blood glucose?


What are the symptoms of high or low blood glucose?

If you have diabetes or are at risk of developing it, you should monitor your blood glucose regularly with a device called a glucometer. This device measures the amount of glucose in a drop of your blood. You should also follow a healthy diet that limits sugar and carbohydrates, exercise regularly, take your medications as prescribed, and check with your doctor regularly.

If you experience symptoms of high or low blood glucose, you should act quickly to restore your blood glucose level to normal. For high blood glucose, you may need to take more insulin or other medications, drink water, or seek medical attention. For low blood glucose, you may need to eat or drink something that contains sugar, such as juice, candy, or glucose tablets, or seek medical attention.

What are the complications of high or low blood glucose?


How can you monitor and control your blood glucose?

Having high or low blood glucose for a long time can damage your organs and lead to serious complications. Some of these complications are:

  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Kidney failure
  • Nerve damage
  • Eye problems and blindness
  • Foot ulcers and amputation
  • Coma and death

How can you prevent high or low blood glucose?


What are the complications of high or low blood glucose?

The best way to prevent high or low blood glucose is to manage your diabetes or prevent it from developing. You can do this by:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eating a balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats
  • Avoiding foods and drinks that are high in sugar, salt, and fat
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Exercising regularly for at least 30 minutes a day
  • Quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake
  • Taking your medications as prescribed and following your doctor’s advice
  • Monitoring your blood glucose regularly and keeping a record of it
  • Learning how to cope with stress and emotions
  • Joining a support group or getting help from a counselor if needed
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